The Risk of Internal Malignancy Following a Prior Diagnosis of Non-Melanoma Skin Cancer in Solid Organ Transplant Recipients

Noa Gal, Elena Didkovsky, Emmilia Hodak, Batya B. Davidovici

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Solid organ transplant recipients (SOTRs) are at increased risk for both skin and internal malignancies (IM). The risk of IM after the occurrence of non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) has been studied in the general population but very little is known about this association in SOTRs. Objectives: To evaluate the risk of IM following a prior diagnosis of post transplantation NMSC in SOTRs. Methods: This single center retrospective cohort study included a study population of 329 SOTRs from Rabin Medical Center who had a post-transplant diagnosis of skin malignancy, internal malignancy, or both from 2012 to 2018. Results: In total, 135 (41.03%) SOTRs were diagnosed with IM without a preceding diagnosis of NMSC while only 42 (12.76%) patients diagnosed with IM had a preceding diagnosis of NMSC. SOTRs with a diagnosis of NMSC showed a significantly decreased risk of developing subsequent IM (hazard ratio [HR] 0.64, 95% confidence interval [95%CI] 0.44-0.94, P= 0.02) compared to those without a prior NMSC diagnosis. Liver and lung transplant patients showed a significantly decreased risk of developing subsequent IM after a diagnosis of NMSC (HR 0.09 and 0.43, respectively). When stratified by type of IM, only patients who were diagnosed with a hematological malignancy had a significantly lower risk of developing this malignancy if they had a prior NMSC (HR 0.26). Conclusions: The findings of this study suggest a protective effect of NMSC on subsequent IM in the organ transplant population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)219-224
Number of pages6
JournalIsrael Medical Association Journal
Volume24
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2022

Keywords

  • internal malignancy
  • non-melanoma skin cancer
  • organ transplantation
  • skin cancer
  • vitamin D

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