The residual ovary syndrome: A 20-year experience

Arie Dekel, Zeev Efrat, Raoul Orvieto, Tally Levy, Dov Dicker, Rivka Gal, Zion Ben-Rafael

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To address the controversy of ovarian preservation during a hysterectomy for benign indications by using our experience with residual ovary syndrome (ROS). Study design: Over a period of 20 years, 2561 hysterectomies (during which one or both ovaries were preserved) were performed at the Golda Medical Center, Israel. A retrospective, quasi, case-control analysis was undertaken. Results: The incidence of ROS was 2.85%. While chronic pelvic pain was the principle indication for subsequent reexploration in 52 patients (71.3%), an asymptomatic pelvic mass noted during routine follow-up examination accounted for 24.6% of operations for ROS. The majority (75.4%) of patients underwent surgery during the first 10 years, while the highest incidence occurred within the first 5 years (46.6%). Furthermore, histological examination revealed functional cysts, benign neoplasm and ovarian carcinoma in 50.7%, 42.6% and 12.3% of the cases, respectively (in nine patients more than one pathology was observed). Conclusions: Since ROS was found to occur in 1/35 women who had undergone previous hysterectomies mainly due to physiologic ovarian function and benign cyst formation, but not malignancy, we believe that routine oophorectomy is justified in premenopausal women over 45 years of age. However, the final decision to perform elective oophorectomy at the time of hysterectomy for benign disease should be established on an individual basis, taking into consideration age, individual and family risk factors, the patient's preference and ability to ensure long-term compliance to exogenous hormone replacement therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)159-164
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Biology
Volume68
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1996

Keywords

  • Malignancy
  • Oophorectomy
  • Residual ovary syndrome

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