The relationship between need for closure and memory for schema-related information among younger and older adults

Małgorzata Kossowska*, Katarzyna Jaśko, Yoram Bar-Tal, Marta Szastok

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Two studies were conducted to examine the relationships among need for closure (NFC) and schematic information processing in younger and older adults. The results show increased NFC to be associated with less schematic processing (i.e., less memory for schema-consistent items, and more memory for schema-irrelevant items, out of all items memorized correctly), among older than younger adults. The findings of the studies are interpreted as demonstrating the age-associated deficit in information processing consistent with the level of NFC. Moreover, the results indicate that positive mood may play a role in facilitating information processing consistent with the level of NFC among older and younger adults. Finally, we present a framework for predicting when older adults will and will not effectively use schematic processing, considered a compensatory strategy for decline in cognitive abilities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)283-300
Number of pages18
JournalAging, Neuropsychology, and Cognition
Volume19
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2012

Keywords

  • -inconsistent
  • Age differences
  • Memory for schema-consistent
  • Need for closure
  • Positive mood
  • and -irrelevant information

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