The relationship between job design, human behaviour and system response

Shlomo Globerson*, Arie Tamir

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Many industrial and service processes are performed by using lines composed of a number of sequential and parallel work stations. Certain production rates can be attained either by using a single line, or parallel lines with less stations. The design of a job, or process, has an impact on human behaviour and thus on production performance. Incorrect job design may lead to absenteeism and turnover. Absenteeism causes fluctuations in production, and turnover may slow it down. Correct job design decreases the sensitivity of the technical system to the human one; if instead of a single line, two parallel lines are used, the production system is less sensitive to absenteeism, since the absence of a person disturbs only one half of the system. This paper develops a simulation model to examine the influence of various job design strategies (number of parallel lines) on human behaviour (learning, absenteeism, turnover), the system’s response time and percent of work accomplished. The model has been tuned to a specific process and results demonstrate that in certain cases a compromise strategy which consists of a few parallel lines is better than each one of the extreme strategies, where a single line of n stations or n parallel lines of one stations are used.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)391-400
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Production Research
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1980


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