The relation between ground acceleration and earthquake source parameters: Theory and observations

Itzhak Lior, Alon Ziv

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debate

Abstract

A simple relation between the root mean square (rms) of the ground acceleration and earthquake spectral (or source) parameters is introduced: (Formula presented) in which Ω0 is the low-frequency displacement spectral plateau, f0 is the corner frequency, κ is an attenuation parameter, and T is the data interval. This result uses the omega-square model for far-field radiation and accounts for site-specific attenuation. The main advantage of the new relation with respect to that of Hanks (1979) is that it relaxes the simplifying assumption that the spectral corner frequency is much smaller than the maximum corner frequency resulting from attenuation, and that the spectrum may be approximated as being perfectly flat between the two frequencies. The newly proposed relation is tested using a composite dataset of earthquake records from Japan, California, Mexico, and Taiwan. Excellent agreement is found between observed and predicted ground acceleration for any combination of corner frequencies. Thus, use of the above relation enables the extrapolation of ground-motion prediction equation inferred from the frequent small-magnitude earthquakes to the rare large magnitudes. This capacity is extremely useful near slow-slip plate boundaries, where the seismic moment release rates are low.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1012-1018
Number of pages7
JournalBulletin of the Seismological Society of America
Volume107
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2017

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