The profile of performance skills and emotional factors in the context of participation among young children with Developmental Coordination Disorder

Lihi Liberman, Navah Ratzon, Orit Bart*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Participation is a person's involvement in daily activities in a variety of environments, roles and life situations. Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) experience difficulties in gaining academic achievements or in their engagement in activity of daily living. Motor difficulties have a negative effect on the ability to participate, as well as on various affective components. Senses of coherence, effort and hope have not yet been assessed, within the context of participation, in children with DCD. The purpose of the present study is to look into the relations between participation and senses of coherence, effort and hope among children with DCD, in comparison to typically developed children. Fifty subjects aged 5-6. years participated in the study, 25 of whom are children diagnosed with DCD, the other 25 being typical children. The DCD diagnosis was established according to the DSM-IV criteria and the M-ABC test. All children completed the coherence questionnaire for children as well as the children's questionnaire on effort and hope. Parents completed the Children Participation Questionnaire (CPQ), and the Performance Skills Questionnaire (PSQ). Children with DCD had lower performance skills, lower sense of coherence, hope, and effort than their peers. They less enjoy their participation and their parents are less satisfied in comparison to control group. Significant correlations were found between sense of coherence and hope to participation. Process skills were found to be the main predictor for explaining child's participation. While treating children with DCD we have to consider also socio-psychological aspects that may be weakened.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)87-94
Number of pages8
JournalResearch in Developmental Disabilities
Volume34
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2013

Keywords

  • DCD
  • Hope
  • Participation
  • Process skills
  • Sense of coherence

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