The products and kinetics of hydrolysis of cyanopyridinium ions

E. M. Kosower*, J. W. Patton

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The hydrolysis of 1-methyl-2-cyano, 4-cyano-, and 3-cyanopyridinium ions by aqueous base has been studied. The kinetics of the reaction of the 2- and 4-cyano derivatives were measured by polarographic analysis of cyanide ion formation, and the rate of reaction of the 3-cyano ion was followed spectroscopically at 3500 Å. The 2- and 4-cyano ions yielded the corresponding pyridones and carbamidopyridinium ions, while the 3-cyano ion formed 3-carbamidopyridinium ion and 4-cyano-5-methyl-amino-2, 4-pentadienal. The ratios of the products varied in each case with pH. The ratio of carbamidopyridinium ion formation rates for the three isomers was 50:5·7:1 (2-:4-:3-) with a second-order rate constant for the 3-isomer of 0·28 1 mol-1sec-1. The rate ratio for attack on the pyridinium ring was > 1100:43:1 (2-:4-:3-) with a rate constant for the 2-isomer of ∼76 1 mol-1 sec-1 at 25°.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2081-2093
Number of pages13
Issue number7
StatePublished - 1966
Externally publishedYes


FundersFunder number
Ohio Oil Company
National Institutes of HealthE-1608
Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation


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