The prevalence of abnormal right ventricle speckle strain in the setting of acute myocarditis and preserved left ventricle function

Daniel Ben-Joya, Alon Kaplan, Guy Baruch, Ehud Rothschild, Gil Beer, Shmuel Banai, Yan Topilsky, Livia Kapusta, Michal Laufer-Perl*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Background: Acute myocarditis has a wide spectrum of clinical presentation, from subclinical disease to acute heart failure, and sudden cardiac death. Two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (2D-STE) has been proven effective in early diagnosis of subclinical cardiac injury, however, there is a limited data regarding the right ventricle (RV) involvement among patients with acute myocarditis. Purpose: We evaluated the prevalence of early subclinical RV injury assessed by 2D-STE, among patients with acute myocarditis and preserved left ventricle (LV) function. Methods: We performed a retrospective single-center study at Tel-Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, including all adult patients hospitalized with acute myocarditis, who presented with preserved LV function. 2D-STE analysis of the RV was performed offline, assessing both the RV four-chamber longitudinal strain peak systolic (RV4CLS PK) and the free wall longitudinal strain peak systolic (RVFWLS PK). The myocarditis group was compared to a healthy control group. Results: From 2011 to 2020, a total of 90 patients included in the study and were compared to 70 healthy subjects. RV 2D-STE emerged as significantly lower for both the RV4CLS PK (-21.8 ± 4.2 vs. -24.9 ± 4.8, P < 0.001) and RVFWLS PK (-24.7 ± 4.9 vs. -28.4 ± 5, P < 0.001), and remained significant in a multivariate analysis. Conclusion: We presented for the first time the presence of subclinical RV dysfunction, assessed by 2D-STE, in patients diagnosed with acute myocarditis, in the presence of preserved LV function. Further studies are needed to evaluate its’ role in the development of LV dysfunction, heart failure and mortality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1231-1238
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2023


  • Echocardiography
  • Myocarditis
  • RV4CLS
  • Right ventricle
  • Strain


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