The prevalence and interaction of human immunodeficiency virus and hepatitis B virus infections in Israeli hemophiliacs

B. Brenner*, S. Schwartz, E. Ben-Porath, I. Tatarsky, D. Varon, U. Martinowitz

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The prevalence, clinical manifestations and serological markers of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and human immunodeficiency (HIV) infections were studied in 117 Israeli hemophiliacs. Positive serological markers for HBV infection (HB surface antigen, antibody to HB surface antigen or antibody to HB core antigen) were more common in patients treated with non heat-treated F-VIII concentrates (NHTC) than with cryoprecipitate (48/49 vs. 23/29, P < 0.05), and in patients treated with > 10,000 factor units/year (90% vs. 62%, P < 0.05). Of the 117 patients, 55% were HIV negative, 29% had asymptomatic HIV seropositivity and 16% had symptomatic HIV infection (lymphadenopathy syndrome, AIDS-related complex or AIDS). HIVB seropositivity was more common in patients treated with NHTC than in those treated with cryoprecipitate (83% vs. 11%, P < 0.001), and in patients treated with > 100,000 compared to < 10,000 F-VIII units/year (70% vs. 15%, P < 0./001). Hypergammaglobulinemia correlated with HIV seropsitivity, alanine aminotransferase levels and type and amount of concentrate therapy. Of 50 HIV-seropositive patients, 40 (98%) had serological markers of HBV infection compared with only 40 of 52 HIV-negative patients (77%) (P < 0.01). Symptomatic HIV infection was more common in patients with a positive history of jaundice, 7 of 18 (38%) compared with 12 of 99 (12%) (P < 0.005). These findings suggest that HBV and HIV infections are less prevalent in cryoprecipitate-treated patients, and that HBV seropositivity is a predictor of HIV seropositivity in hemophiliacs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)557-561
Number of pages5
JournalIsrael Journal of Medical Sciences
Volume27
Issue number10
StatePublished - 1991
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • AIDS
  • Coagulation factor concentrates
  • Hemophilia
  • Hepatitis

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