Background: The surgical reconstruction of right ventricle outflow tract (RVOT) often requires the implantation of a valved conduit. Homografts are lacking availability and are associated with limited durability in children. Our experience with the Hancock porcine-valved Dacron (DuPont, Wilmington, DE) conduit (Medtronic, Minneapolis, MN) was retrospectively assessed. Methods: Follow-up was studied in 214 survivors who underwent 247 conduit implants between January 1990 and January 2007. Pulmonary atresia/ventricular septal defect was present in 86 (40.2%) and truncus arteriosus in 62 (29%). Conduit implantation was associated with anatomic repair in 136, conduit replacement in 96, and secondary pulmonary valve insertion in 15. Median age at operation was 62.5 months (range, 1 week to 50 years), including 14 neonates (6%). Median conduit size was 17.4 mm because of routine over-sizing. Pulmonary bifurcation patch augmentation was necessary in 26 patients. Periodic echocardiography studies were performed for a median follow-up of 98 months (range, 13 to 142 months). Results: Three (1.4%) late deaths occurred. No conduit-related deaths or complications occurred. Conduit degeneration was associated with increase in valvular gradient. Valve regurgitation was absent or mild. Higher RVOT systolic pressure gradient at discharge did not influence conduit longevity. Conduit reoperation was delayed due to percutaneous balloon dilatation in 14 patients, associated with stenting in 7. Survival with freedom from conduit reoperation was 98% (95% confidence interval [CI], 97% to 100%) at 1 year, 81% (95% CI, 75% to 87%) at 5 years, and 32% (95% CI, 22% to 42%) at 10 years. Conclusions: The Hancock valved conduit is a safe and reliable alternative to homografts. It appears to be appropriate in patients with limited pulmonary vascular bed and high pulmonary artery pressures. Caution is required in neonates because of the rigidity of the Dacron housing. Initial results with secondary percutaneous procedures are encouraging.