The mutation F227I increases the coupling of metal ion transport in DCT1

Yaniv Nevo, Nathan Nelson*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


Metal ion transport by DCT1, a member of the natural resistance-associated macrophage protein family, is driven by protons. The stoichiometry of the proton to metal ion is variable, and under optimal transport conditions, more than 10 protons are co-transported with a single metal ion. To understand this phenomenon better, we used site-directed mutagenesis of DCT1 and analyzed the mutants by complementation of yeast suppressor of mitochondria import function-null mutants and electrophysiology with Xenopus oocytes. The mutation F227I resulted in an increase of up to 14-fold in the ratio between metal ions to protons transported. This observation suggests that low metal ion to proton transport of DCT1 resulting from a proton slippage is not a necessity of the transport mechanism in which positively charged protons are driving two positive charges of the metal ion in the same direction. It supports the idea that the proton slippage has a physiological advantage, and the proton slip was positively selected during the evolution of DCT1.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)53056-53061
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number51
StatePublished - 17 Dec 2004


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