The mobius strip, the cell, and soft logic mathematics

John S. Torday*, Moshe Klein, Oded Maimon

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalLetterpeer-review


The cell-cell signaling mechanisms that are the basis for all of physiology have been used to trace evolution back to the unicellular state, and beyond, to the “First Principles of Physiology”. And since our physiology derives from the Cosmos based on Symbiogenesis, it has been hypothesized that the cell behaves like a functional Mobius Strip, having no ‘inside or outside’ cell membrane surface - it is continuous with the Cosmos, its history being codified from Quantum Entanglement to Newtonian Mechanics, affording the cell consciousness and unconsciousness/subconsciousness as a continuum for the first time. Similarly, Klein and Maimon have concluded that their ‘Soft Logic’ mathematics also constitutes a Mobius Strip, using both a real number axis, combined with a zero axis, numerically representing cognition. This is congruent with the cell as ‘two-tiered’ consciousness, the first tier being the real-time interface between the cell membrane and its environment; the second tier constituting integrated physiology, referencing the consciousness of the Cosmos. Thus, there is coherence between physiology, consciousness and mathematics for the first time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-70
Number of pages6
JournalProgress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology
StatePublished - Jan 2024


FundersFunder number
National Institutes of HealthHL055268


    • Cell-cell communication
    • Consciousness
    • First principles of physiology
    • Mobius strip
    • Quantum entanglement
    • Soft logic math


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