The mind–muscle connection in resistance training: friend or foe?

Israel Halperin*, Andrew D. Vigotsky

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalLetterpeer-review


The results of Calatayud et al. (Eur J Appl Physiol, 2015. doi:10.1007/s00421-015-3305-7) indicate that focusing on the pectoralis major and triceps brachii muscles during bench press exercise selectively enhanced their activation, and thus suggest a training strategy. However, the authors did not discuss the well-established negative effects that focusing on specific muscle groups has on exercise performance. For proper perspective of the results and their practical utility, it is helpful to note the interplay between negative and positive effects of different focus conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)863-864
Number of pages2
JournalEuropean Journal of Applied Physiology
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Attentional focus
  • Hypertrophy
  • Instructions
  • Motor learning


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