The metabolism of microinjected inositol trisphosphate in xenopus oocytes

Hagit Shapira, Monica Lupu-Meiri, Yoram Oron

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Microinjection of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (Ins(l,4,5)P3) into Xenopus oocytes evokes a complex physiological response composed of a transient and a slow depolarizing chloride current. We investigated the relationship between intracellular levels of Ins(l,4,5)P3 and the kinetics of the physiological response. Microinjected Ins(l,4,5)P3 was slowly degraded following first order kinetics of disappearance (t1/2 = 10 min). The degradation products were inositol bisphosphate (InsP2), inositol monophosphate (InsP) and inositol, as well as inositol tetrakisphosphate (InsP4). The rate of degradation of injected 3[H]-Ins(l,4)P2 was much greater (ti/2 = 3 min), indicating that the conversion of InsP3 to InsP2 may be the rate-limiting step in the degradation process. The slow degradation of 3[H]-Ins(l,4,5)P3 was not a result of its conversion to Ins(l,3,4)P3 since no accumulation of InsP3 was observed within 10 min of microinjection of 3[H]-Ins(l,3,4,5)P4. Activation of protein kinase C (PK-C) with a phorbol ester transiently increased the rate of conversion of 3[H]-Ins(l,4,5)P3 to InsP2. This, however, did not significantly affect the overall kinetics of 3[H]- Ins(l,4,5)P3 disappearance. Our results indicate that the kinetics of Ins(l,4,5)P3 degradation do not correlate well with the termination of both the rapid and the slow components of the physiological response. The termination of the slow component of the response, however, may be related to the decay of Ins(l,4,5)P3-induced 45Ca efflux, which lasted about 10 min.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)119-138
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1992


FundersFunder number
Foundation for Basic Research of the Israeli Academy of Sciences
US-Israel bi-national science foundation


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