The superoxide (O2-) forming NADPH oxidase complex of resting phagocytes can be activated in a cell-free system by certain anionic amphiphiles, such as sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS). For O2- production to occur, the participation of both membrane-associated and cytosol-derived components is required. The purpose of this investigation was to isolate and characterize the membrane component of NADPH oxidase. For this purpose, guinea pig macrophage membranes were extracted with 1 M NaCl, solubilized by 40 mM octyl glucoside, and subjected to a purification sequence consisting of absorption with DEAE-Sepharose, affinity chromatography on heparin-agarose, and chromatography on hydroxylapatite. At each purification step, fractions were assayed for their ability to support SDS-elicited, cytosol-dependent O2- production, following incorporation in liposomes of phosphatidylcholine. We found that membrane oxidase activity copurified strictly with cytochrome b559. Peak hydroxylapatite fractions exhibited specific O2--forming activity in the range of 81-115 μmol of O2-/mg protein/min and a specific cytochrome b559 content of 7-14 nmol of cytochrome b559/mg protein. SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis analysis of the peak oxidase activity fractions, derived by hydroxylapatite chromatography, revealed essentially two bands that were identified as the β (54-60 kDa) and α (21/22 kDa) subunits of guinea pig cytochrome b559. The relation of the two polypeptides to cytochrome b559 was established by correlation with a spectral signal characteristic of cytochrome b559, immunoblotting with antibodies against defined human cytochrome b559 β and α chain peptides, cross-linking studies, and deglycosylation experiments. Hydroxylapatite-purified membrane oxidase preparations did not contain FAD and were free of cytochrome c reductase activity. Purified membrane oxidase preparations were also capable of cooperating with purified cytosolic components in SDS-elicited cell-free O2- production. We conclude that the membrane-associated component of the O2- generating NADPH oxidase is identical to cytochrome b559.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1991|