The meaning of time-related concepts across the life-span: An Israeli sample

J. Lomranz, A. Friedman, G. Gitter, D. Shmotkin, G. Medini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Three-hundred-thirty-eight Israeli participants rated five time-related concepts on Semantic Differential Scales. Participants constituted six, age-based, groups, representing different life stages: childhood, adolescence, young adulthood, adulthood, late adulthood, and old age. The concepts rated were: time, past, present, and future. In addition, each group rated its own life stage. Results were analyzed in terms of the relationship between age and attributed meaning of these concepts, as denoted by the three Semantic Differential dimensions: evaluation, potency, and activity. The results indicate that people of different ages differ significantly in the way they construe most of the time-related concepts. Past ratings show a significant tendency to increase with progressive age, while future ratings decrease with progressive age. The ratings of present tend to remain stable across the life-span, and the ratings of life stages are significantly lower in older groups as compared to the younger ones. Results are discussed in light of developmental processes, the role that meaning of time-related concepts play in psychological adjustment, and methodological aspects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)87-107
Number of pages21
JournalInternational Journal of Aging and Human Development
Volume21
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1985

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