The Management of Congenital Microphthalmia With Orbital Cyst: A Case Series

Elena Gutkovich, Alon Zahavi, Inbal Man Peles, Oren Tomkins-Netzer, Nina Borisovsky, Jacob Bejar, Nitza Goldenberg-Cohen, Yoav Vardizer*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Purpose: To describe a series of patients treated for congenital microphthalmia associated with orbital cyst and recommend a management protocol. Methods: This retrospective case series comprised 6 patients (7 eyes) who attended an oculoplastic tertiary medical center from 2001 to 2018. Clinical, treatment, and outcome data were collected from the electronic files. Main outcome measures were preservation of vision and cosmetic appearance. Results: Four patients were diagnosed at birth. Six cysts were located inferiorly and one superiorly. Two patients had a visual potential of light perception or better in the affected eye. In 4 eyes, the cyst was initially retained and the eye was fitted with a custom-made conformer. In 1 eye, the fornices were too shallow for a conformer, warranting fornix reconstruction and cyst excision. Early surgery was required in 1 eye for an expanded cyst and large orbit volume, and in another eye the cyst had overgrown the orbit, causing bone erosion and remodeling. Cosmetic results were good in 3 of the eyes in which the cyst was retained in early childhood, stimulating orbital growth. Conclusions: Congenital microphthalmia with orbital cyst is rare. Management should focus on preserving visual potential, especially in unilateral cyst cases when the other eye is also microphthalmic. Otherwise cosmetic symmetry is the main concern; cyst retention combined with ocular conformers may stimulate socket expansion. The authors found that, in most cases, if treated early, enucleation was avoidable during cyst excision. Early assessment, meticulous follow-up, and individually tailored treatment are warranted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)192-199
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 2022


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