The Low Density Lipoprotein Receptor-1, LRP1, Interacts with the Human Frizzled-1 (HFz1) and Down-regulates the Canonical Wnt Signaling Pathway

Alona Zilberberg, Abraham Yaniv, Arnona Gazit

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Members of the low density lipoprotein receptor family (LDLR), LRP5/6, were shown to interact with the Frizzled (Fz) receptors and to function as Wnt coreceptors. Here we show that mLRP4T100, a minireceptor of LRP1, another member of the LDLR family, interacts with the human Fz-1 (HFz1), previously shown to serve as a receptor transmitting the canonical Wnt-3a-induced signaling cascade. However, in contrast to LRP5/6, mLRP4T100, as well as the full-length LRP1, did not cooperate with HFz1 in transmitting the Wnt-3a signaling but rather repressed it. mLRP4T100 inhibitory effect was displayed also by endocytosis-defective mLRP4T100 mutants, suggesting that LRP1 repressive effect is not attributable to LRP1-mediated enhanced HFz1 internalization and subsequent degradation. Enforced expression of mLRP4T100 decreased the capacity of HFz1 cysteine-rich domain (CRD) to interact with LRP6, in contrast to HFz1-CRD/Wnt-3a interaction that was not disrupted by overexpressing mLRP4T100. These data suggest that LRP1, by sequestering HFz1, disrupts the receptor/coreceptor complex formation, leading to the repression of the canonical Wnt signaling. Thus, this study implies that the ability to interact with Fz receptors is shared by several members of the LDLR family. However, whereas some members of the LDLR family, such as LRP5/6, interact with Fz and serve as Wnt coreceptors, others negatively regulate Wnt signaling, presumably by sequestering Fz.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17535-17542
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume279
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - 23 Apr 2004

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The Low Density Lipoprotein Receptor-1, LRP1, Interacts with the Human Frizzled-1 (HFz1) and Down-regulates the Canonical Wnt Signaling Pathway'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this