The Lorentz force and energy-momentum for off-shell electromagnetism

M. C. Land, L. P. Horwitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The kinematics of pre-Maxwell electrodynamics is examined and interpretations of these fields is found through an examination of the associated Lorentz force and the structure of the energy-momentum tensor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-71
Number of pages11
JournalFoundations of Physics Letters
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 1991


  • higher dimensional gauge fields
  • off-shell gauge fields
  • pre-Maxwell fields
  • relativistic quantum theory


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