The Location and Function of Cytochrome c2 in Rhodopseudomonas capsulata Membranes


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Two fractions of membrane preparations, a heavy and a light one were isolated from mildly broken Rhodopseudomonas capsulata cells. The light fraction which contained vesicles similar to the regular chromatophores obtained by sonication and a heavy fraction which appeared in electron micrographs to consist of cell fragments which were designated as heavy chromatophores and were composed of broken cell envelopes containing closely packed vesicles enclosed within the cytoplasmic membrane. Both types of chromatophores catalyzed photophosphorylation. However, cytochrome c2 could be washed out only from the heavy chromatophores. Photophosphorylation activity which was lost by the removal of the cytochrome could be restored by addition of either cytochrome c2 or phenazine methosulphate. Light induced proton efflux in heavy chromatophores in contrast to proton influx in regular chromatophores. The washed heavy chromatophores did not lose the light induced proton movement. Light induced quenching of 9‐aminoacridine and atebrin fluorescence in chromatophores, while the fluorescence was enhanced in the heavy chromatophores. The washing did not affect the fluorescence changes of the heavy chromatophores but caused a reduction of the steady state of the carotenoid absorbance shift. It is suggested that the membrane in the heavy chromatophores is oriented inside out with respect to the membrane in regular chromatophores. Cytochrome c2 which is attached to that side of the membrane facing the outside medium could be removed from the heavy chromatophores and reconstituted to them. The role of cytochrome c2 in photophosphorylation is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-72
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Biochemistry
Issue number1
StatePublished - Oct 1975


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