The Khirbet Kerak Ware figurine: a new component in the Kura-Araxes cultural assemblage

Nadeshda Bladt Knudsen, Raphael Greenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Recent excavations of Khirbet Kerak Ware contexts at the type site of Khirbet el-Kerak/Tel Bet Yerah and re-investigation of earlier finds from this site have permitted the technological and typological identification of a distinct category of zoomorphic figurines, associated exclusively with the characteristic red-black burnished Khirbet Kerak ceramics. Comparative study shows affinity between these figurines and similar objects found in different parts of the Kura-Araxes cultural community, from the Levant to the Iranian plateau. Consisting solely of horned cattle, we suggest that zoomorphic figurines represent a significant aspect of the Kura-Araxes cultural tradition in its expansion along the margins of the West Asian political and economic cores, during the final phase of the ‘secondary products revolution’.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)271-286
Number of pages16
JournalLevant
Volume51
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

Keywords

  • Khirbet Kerak Ware
  • Kura-Araxes
  • southern Levant
  • traction complex
  • Zoomorphic figurines

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