The jet feedback mechanism (JFM): From supernovae to clusters of galaxies

N. Soker*, M. Akashi, A. Gilkis, S. Hillel, O. Papish, M. Refaelovich, D. Tsebrenko

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We study the similarities of jet-medium interactions in several quite different astro-physical systems using 2D and 3D hydrodynamical numerical simulations, and find many similarities. The systems include cooling flow (CF) clusters of galaxies, core collapse supernovae (CCSNe), planetary nebulae (PNe), and common envelope (CE) evolution. The similarities include hot bubbles inflated by jets in a bipolar structure, vortices on the sides of the jets, vortices inside the inflated bubbles, fragmentation of bubbles to two and more bubbles, and buoyancy of bubbles. The activity in many cases is regulated by a negative feedback mechanism. In CF clusters we find that heating of the intra-cluster medium (ICM) is done by mixing hot shocked jet gas with the ICM, and not by shocks. Our results strengthen the jet feedback mechanism (JFM) as a common process in many astro-physical objects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)402-407
Number of pages6
JournalAstronomische Nachrichten
Issue number4-5
StatePublished - May 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Cooling flows
  • Galaxies: clusters: general
  • ISM: jets and outflows
  • Planetary nebulae: general
  • Supernovae: general


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