The Ivory Seal of šlm (Son of) klkl, Discovered at Ramat Raḥel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper presents an ivory seal, discovered during the sixth excavation season at Ramat Raḥel (August 2010), with a heretofore unknown name in the corpus of Judahite names: šlm (son of) klkl. The name written on the upper register — Šallūm (or (Šillēm) — is one of the most popular names in the Hebrew epigraphy, but the name in the lower register — Kalkōl — appears on only three other seal impressions and one bulla from the antiquities market; this is the first to be found in an excavation. A careful study of the technical details of the seal may shed light on the scarcity of ivory seals in Judah and may suggest that the local Judahite artisans had difficulties with the unique characteristics of this expensive and infrequent raw material in the process of creating seals.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)162-170
Number of pages9
JournalIsrael Exploration Journal
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2011


Dive into the research topics of 'The Ivory Seal of šlm (Son of) klkl, Discovered at Ramat Raḥel'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this