The Israeli National Committee for sex selection by pre-implantation genetic diagnosis: A novel approach (2005-2011)

Nirit Pessach, Saralee Glasser, Varda Soskolne, Amihai Barash, Liat Lerner-Geva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) for fetal sex selection raises complex dilemmas. In Israel, PGD is regulated by the Ministry of Health. It is basically prohibited, but exceptions can be made upon approval by the National Committee for Sex Selection by PGD for Non-Medical Reasons (the "Committee"). This report describes the Committee's work since its inception in May, 2005 through December, 2011. Methods: Files were abstracted onto a structured form. Discrete variables were analyzed by chi-square analysis, and continuous variables by T-Test. Results: During the study period 411 applications were received. Two-thirds of the applicants (n = 276; 67.2%) were Jewish and 26.8% were Moslem Arab. Over two-thirds (n = 285; 69.3%) had no children of the requested sex and =4 children of the opposite sex. Three-quarters of the requests were for a male (n = 308; 74.9%): 100% of Arab and 63% of Jewish applicants. Many noted more than one reason for their request. The most frequent category (n = 201; 48.9%) was a strong emotional desire, followed by medically-related reasons (n = 83; 20.2%). For 216 applications a decision was arrived at, with 46 (21.3%) approved. Of the remaining 195 for 192 over a year had passed since last contact with the Committee. The likelihood of approval was higher if applicants met the criterion of ≥4 same-sex children than if they didn't (33.7% vs. 11.6%, P = 0.001). The largest number of approvals were those requested for 'emotional' reasons, while the highest approval rate was for religious reasons. Conclusions: This study reviewed the first seven years of Committee activity. Most requested males, and the primary reason was the parents' intense emotional desire. Only one-fifth of the decisions were approvals, possibly reflecting reluctance to encourage non-medically-indicated PGD, a viewpoint not unique to Israel. Limitations include the relatively small number of cases and lack of access to Committee deliberation protocols. It is recommended that longitudinal studies be conducted to gain insight into the consequences to individuals, couples and families-both those whose requests were approved and those denied- of this major step in reproductive technologies and in society's effort to respond to them.

Original languageEnglish
Article number33
JournalIsrael Journal of Health Policy Research
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Assisted human reproduction
  • Assisted-reproductive technology
  • Israel
  • PGD
  • Policy
  • Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis
  • Sex-selection

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