The introduction of domestic camels to the southern Levant: Evidence from the Aravah Valley

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Abstract

It was recently suggested that the introduction of the camel to the southern Levant occurred in the early Iron Age (late 2nd-early 1st millennia BCE). Our study of faunal remains from Iron Age sites at Timna, together with previous studies of Late Bronze and Iron Age sites at Timna and Wadi Faynan, enable us to pinpoint this event more precisely. The new evidence indicates that the first significant appearance of camels in the Aravah Valley was not earlier than the last third of the 10th century BCE. This date accords with data from the Negev and the settled lands further to the north when the low chronology is applied to the early Iron IIA.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)277-285
Number of pages9
JournalTel Aviv
Volume40
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2013

Keywords

  • Arabian trade
  • Aravah Valley
  • Copper production
  • Domestic camels
  • Iron Age
  • Timna

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