The interrelations between malfunctioning DNA damage response (DDR) and the functionality of the neuro-glio-vascular unit

Ari Barzilai*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A hallmark of neurodegenerative diseases is impairment of certain aspects of "brain functionality". Brain functionality is defined as the total input and output of the brain's neural circuits and networks. A given brain degenerative disorder does not deregulate total brain functionality but rather the activity of specific circuits in a given network, affecting their organization and topology, their cell numbers, their cellular functionality, and the interactions between neural circuits. Similarly, our concept of neurodegenerative diseases, which for many years revolved around neural survival or death, has now been extended to emphasize the role of glia. In particular, the role of glial cells in neuro-vascular communication is now known to be central to the effect of insults to the nervous system. In addition, a malfunctioning vascular system likely plays a role in the etiology of certain neurodegenerative diseases. Thus, the symptoms of neurodegenerative or more correctly brain degenerative disease are, to a very large extent, a result of impairment in glial cells that lead to pathological neuro-vascular interactions that, in turn, generate a rather "hostile" environment in which the neurons fail to function. These events lead to systematic neural cell death on a scale that appears to be proportional to the severity of the neurological deficit.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)543-557
Number of pages15
JournalDNA Repair
Volume12
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2013

Keywords

  • Ataxia-telangiectasia
  • DNA damage response
  • Genomic instability diseases
  • Glial cells
  • Neuro-glio-vascular unit
  • Neurodgenerative diseases

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