The influence of oral insulin on the development of autoimmune diabetes in NOD mice fed a hypoallergenic diet

Naim Shehadeh, R. Weis, G. Teninboum, A. Benderly, A. Etzioni, R. Shamir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Autoimmune diabetes can be prevented in animal models by hypoallergenic diets. Moreover, in animal models, oral administration of insulin can suppress the development of autoimmune diabetes and clinical trials on prevention of human Type 1 diabetes by oral administration of insulin are already taking place. However, it has been reported that autoimmune diabetes can be induced by oral administration of an auto-antigen (insulin), and great caution is therefore warranted when applying the oral tolerance approach to prevent Type 1 diabetes. Aim: To evaluate the effect of orally administered insulin on the development of autoimmune diabetes in non-obese diabetic mice fed a hypoallergenic diet. Methods: Four groups of mice were fed regular mouse chow (group 1, control mice), hypoallergenic diet, using the hydrolyzed infant formula Pregistimil® (group 2), and Pregistimil® with oral insulin (4 U/l of drinking water, group 3; and 8 U/l of drinking water, group 4). Results: At 210 days of age, 11/20 (55%) mice in group 1 developed diabetes. In contrast, none of the mice from the Pregistimil®-fed groups (0/16, 0/14, 0/17) developed the disease (p<0.001). The incidence of infiltrated islets and the severity of insulitis, at age 90 days, was significantly lower in mice fed with the hypoallegenic diet than in controls (p=0.028). Conclusions: In NOD mice fed a diet that prevents the development of diabetes, oral insulin supplementation appears to be safe, since it does not promote the development of clinical diabetes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-5
Number of pages5
JournalDiabetes, Nutrition and Metabolism - Clinical and Experimental
Volume17
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2004
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Hypoallergenic diet
  • NOD mice
  • Oral insulin
  • Type 1 diabetes mellitus

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