B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) is the most common leukemia of adults in Western countries. The most frequent recurring chromosomal aberrations identified in B-CLL patients are trisomy 12 and deletions of 13q, 17p, and 11q. Cases with deletions of 11q and 17p have a poor prognosis, whereas cases with deletions in 13q have a favorable prognosis. It was previously shown that CLL patients with trisomy 12 and del(13)(q14) have a higher rate of asynchronous replication of normal structural genes when compared to those with normal karyotypes. We studied the replication pattern of the structural locus 21q22 and the imprinted gene SNRPN and its telomere (15qter) and the random aneuploidy of chromosomes 9 and 18 in CLL patients with trisomy 12 and deletions of 11q and 17p, and compared the results to those of CLL patients without these aberrations and to healthy controls. Random aneuploidy rate was higher in the group of patients with trisomy 12 as compared to all other groups. The replication pattern with higher asynchronous pattern was found in both aberration groups compared to the CLL patients without the aberrations and to the control group with involvement of 21q22 and 15qter, whereas the highest synchronous group was found in the 2 aberrations CLL patient groups compared to the other groups with the imprinted locus SNRPN. The existence and significance of chromosomal aberrations in CLL have a deleterious effect on the processes of cell cycle and gene replication and may have biological and prognostic implications.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Cancer Genetics and Cytogenetics|
|State||Published - Jun 2006|