Dental implant therapy is a prevalent and successful treatment, based on research and clinical experience. Ossointegration is the main factor that responsible for success or failure, initially of the implant, and in some cases followed with the whole treatment failure. The osseointegration process is influenced by several factors, among them the surface texture. Dental implants are available with different surface modifications that have been developed for enhancing clinical performances. This paper reviews the main treatments used for changing dental titanium implant surfaces, and compare the clinical performance of different types of implants. Based on existent literature, modified implant surface improves significantly the ability to achive optimise bone-implant contact and improve osseointegration. This review did not find any significant major differences between the surface modifications in use this days in terms of survival and success of specific implant. There are several methods that are no longer in use, due to poor clinical performance in the past.
|Refuat Hapeh Vehashinayim
|Published - Jan 2012