The influence of constructing robot's behavior on the development of Theory of Mind (ToM) and Theory of Artificial Mind (ToAM) in young children

Karen Spektor-Precel, David Mioduser

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

Abstract

A new theoretical scheme named ToAM (Theory of Artificial Mind) was examined by means of qualitative and quantitative methodology among twenty four 5-7 year old children from central Israel. The study also examined the effects of interacting with behaving artifacts (constructing versus observing the robot's behavior) using the "RoboGan" interface on children's development of ToAM and ToM and looked for conceptions that evolve among children while interacting with behaving artifacts which are indicative of the acquisition of ToAM. The quantitative analysis indicated that the interaction with behaving artifacts, for both age and condition groups brought into awareness children's ToM as well as influenced their ability to understand that robots can behave independently and based on external and environmental conditions. The qualitative analysis indicated that the engagement in building the robot's behavior influenced the constructors' ability to explain several of the robots' behaviors, their understanding of the robot's script-based behavior and rule-based behavior and the children's metacognitive development. The theoretical and practical importance of the study is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of IDC 2015
Subtitle of host publicationThe 14th International Conference on Interaction Design and Children
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery, Inc
Pages311-314
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781450335904
DOIs
StatePublished - 21 Jun 2015
Externally publishedYes
Event14th International Conference on Interaction Design and Children, IDC 2015 - Boston, United States
Duration: 21 Jun 201524 Jun 2015

Publication series

NameProceedings of IDC 2015: The 14th International Conference on Interaction Design and Children

Conference

Conference14th International Conference on Interaction Design and Children, IDC 2015
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityBoston
Period21/06/1524/06/15

Keywords

  • Behaving artifacts
  • Cognitive Development
  • Robots
  • Theory of Artificial Mind (ToAM)
  • Theory of Mind (ToM)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'The influence of constructing robot's behavior on the development of Theory of Mind (ToM) and Theory of Artificial Mind (ToAM) in young children'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this