The inflammatory bowel disease disk application: A platform to assess patients' priorities and expectations from treatment

Timna Naftali, Vered Richter, Amir Mari, Tawifik Khoury, Haim Shirin, Efrat Broide

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) significantly impacts on patients' well-being. Patients' preferences for treatment outcomes do not necessarily fit physicians' goals. We aimed to investigate patients' priorities and expectations from treatment. Methods: A questionnaire based on the IBD Disk application was distributed to patients through social media. Patient's preferences were assessed by grading the 10 IBD Disk items on a Likert-type scale from 1 to 10. A cluster analysis was used to classify patients into homogeneous subgroups according to their preferred items, using the K-means method. Results: Among the 224 patients, 69.2% had Crohn's disease (CD). Their mean age was (38.9 ± 14.9) years and 62.9% were female. More CD patients compared with those with ulcerative colitis were treated with biologics compared with those with ulcerative colitis (71.0% vs 39.1%, P < 0.001). Most IBD Disk items ranked high in patients' preferences for treatment outcomes. Their leading preference was reducing abdominal pain, which was more prominent in CD patients, followed by regulating defecation and energy. Least important were interpersonal interactions, sexual functions, and body image. Patients were categorized into three clusters. Cluster 3 patients gave lower scores to most items and were characterized by tertiary education (P = 0.001), higher income (P < 0.001), less active disease (P = 0.02), and higher prevalence of successful treatment (P = 0.04). Conclusions: Patients' preferences for treatment outcomes are influenced by higher education, higher income, rural-dwelling, and disease activity. Better understanding of individual patient's preferences and the factors that affect them might bridge the gap between patients' and physicians' priorities to achieve better teamwork in controlling disease outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)582-589
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Digestive Diseases
Volume22
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2021

Keywords

  • Crohn disease
  • inflammatory bowel disease disk
  • patient-reported outcome
  • ulcerative colitis

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