The inflammation meter: Novel technology to detect the presence of infection/inflammation in patients without leukocytosis but with increased leukocyte adhesiveness/aggregation

Nitsan Maharshak, Michael Kassirer, David Zeltser, Riva Rotstein, Ori Rogowski, Itzhak Shapira, Varda Deutsch, Nadir Arber, Amiram Eldor, Shlomo Berliner*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: To reveal the presence of infection/inflammation in patients with relatively normal white blood cell count (WBCC) by using the leukocyte adhesiveness/aggregation test (LAAT). Methods: The LAAT was performed by using a simple slide test and image analysis (Inflamet(TM)), the WBCC, by an electronic cell analyzer, C-reactive protein, by Laser nephelometry and CD11b/CD18 by whole blood flow cytometry. Results: Forty out of a cohort of 121 patients with nonviral acute febrile illness had a WBCC within normal limits. The intensity of the inflammatory response in these individuals as judged by either C-reactive protein, or fibrinogen concentrations, erythrocyte sedimentation or polymorphonuclear leukocyte CD11b/CD18 expression was similar to that observed in patients with a leukocytic response. Our present finding that 63% out of the group with documented infection/inflammation and no leukocytosis had a significantly increased LAAT suggest that the lack of leukocytosis is in part a pseudoleukopenia, or is associated with some degree of uncompensated tissue leukostasis. Conclusions: The lack of a leukocytic response in a patient with nonviral infection/inflammation is by no means a sign of a less inflammatory response. The increased state of leukocyte adhesiveness/aggregation might help to disclose the presence of inflammation in these individuals. Copyright (C) 2000 S. Karger AG, Basel.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16-21
Number of pages6
JournalActa Haematologica
Volume104
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000

Keywords

  • Adhesion molecules
  • Leukocyte adhesiveness/aggregation
  • Leukocytosis

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