Objective: To evaluate the impact of surgeon training on adhesion formation in a laparoscopic mouse model. Laparoscopic surgery and bowel manipulation was demonstrated to enhance postoperative adhesion formation. Design: Prospective randomized, controlled trial. Setting: University laboratory research center. Animal(s): 200 BALB/c and 200 Swiss female mice. Intervention(s): Adhesions were induced by opposing bipolar lesions and 60 minutes of pneumoperitoneum. Each surgeon operated on 80 mice (40 Swiss and 40 BALB/c), the only variable thus being his/her increasing experience. Some surgeons were already experienced gynecologists, others were starting their training. Main Outcome Measure(s): End points were the duration of surgery while performing the lesions. The adhesion formation was scored quantitatively (proportion and total) and qualitatively (extent, type, and tenacity) after 7 days. Result(s): With training, duration of surgery and adhesion formation decreased exponentially for all surgeons, whether experienced or not. Experienced surgeons had initially a shorter duration of surgery, less adhesion formation, and less de novo adhesions than inexperienced surgeons. Conclusion(s): These data suggest that laparoscopic skills improve with training, leading to a decrease in the duration of surgery and formation of adhesions. Therefore completion of a standardized learning curve should be mandatory when initiating adhesion formation studies both in laboratory or clinical setting.
- Learning curve
- mouse model