The impact of magnetic resonance enterography and capsule endoscopy on the re-classification of disease in patients with known Crohn's Disease: A prospective Israeli IBD research nucleus (IIRN) study

on behalf of the Israeli IBD Research Nucleus (IIRN)

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62 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and aims: The classification of Crohn's disease (CD) is usually determined at initial diagnosis and is frequently based on ileocolonoscopic and cross-sectional imaging data. Advanced endoscopic and imaging techniques such as small-bowel video capsule endoscopy (VCE) and magnetic resonance enterography (MRE) may provide additional data regarding disease extent and phenotype. Our aim was to examine whether VCE or MRE performed after the initial diagnosis may alter the original disease classification. Methods: Consecutive patients with known small-bowel CD in clinical remission or mild disease were prospectively recruited and underwent MRE and VCE (if small-bowel patency was confirmed by a patency capsule (PC). Montreal classifications before and after evaluation were compared. Results: Seventy-nine patients underwent MRE and VCE was performed in 56. Previously unrecognized disease locations were detected with VCE and MRE in 51 and 25%, respectively (p < 0.01) and by both modalities combined in 44 patients (55%). Twenty-two patients (27%) were reclassified as having an advanced phenotype (B2/B3). MRE and VCE reclassified the phenotype in 26 and 11% of cases, respectively (p < 0.05). Overall, both modalities combined altered the original Montreal classification in 49/76 patients (64%). Conclusion: VCE and MRE may lead to reclassification of the original phenotype in a significant percentage of CD patients in remission. VCE was more sensitive for detection of previously unrecognized locations, while MRE was superior for detection of phenotype shift. The described changes in the disease classification may have an important impact on both clinical management and long-term prognosis in these patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)525-531
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Crohn's and Colitis
Volume10
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2016

Keywords

  • Capsule endoscopy
  • Crohn's disease
  • Magnetic resonance enterography
  • Montreal classification
  • Phenotype

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