The impact of hormonal fluctuations on female vocal folds

Ofer Amir*, Tal Biron-Shental

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Purpose of review: Sex hormone fluctuations were shown to affect female vocal folds and laryngeal function. Laryngeal changes are evident throughout the span of life, starting at puberty with the arousal of the hormonal system, fluctuating systematically during the reproductive years with the menstrual cycle, and then changing again with the decline of hormonal activity at menopause. This paper reviews recent developments in this field. Recent findings: Early studies that explored this relation were based merely on subjective impressions of voice quality, recent studies have used more objective tools for examining this relation, including histologic observations, stroboscope, electroglottography (EGG), and computerized acoustic analyses. In these studies, the larynx was shown to be a hormonal target organ and, as such, sex hormones affect its morphology, histology, and function, similar to their effect on the genitals and other organs. Summary: Examining the relation between sex hormones and the larynx could assist in understanding the mechanisms of voice production, and it could provide the clinician with supplemental diagnostic information on different medical conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)180-184
Number of pages5
JournalCurrent Opinion in Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2004


  • Hormones
  • Larynx
  • Vocal folds
  • Voice
  • Women


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