The Humoral Response to SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine in Hemodialysis Patients Is Correlated with Nutritional Status

Merav Jacobson-Naftali, Odile Azoulay, Sigal Frishman, Lihi Godny, Boris Zingerman, Benaya Rozen-Zvi, Timna Agur*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Hemodialysis patients are highly susceptible to poor nutritional status. Our objective was to investigate whether poor nutritional status during mRNA-SARS-CoV-2 vaccination is correlated with impaired vaccine responses. This retrospective study was conducted in two hospital-based dialysis units. The nutritional status of hemodialysis patients was assessed, using a malnutrition inflammation score (MIS) at the time of their first BNT162b2 vaccine dose. One month after the second vaccine dose, we performed a quantitative assessment of antibodies against the spike protein (anti-S1 IgG). A total of 115 hemodialysis patients, with an average age of 72 were enrolled in the study. Among them, 39 (33.9%) were female, and 67 (58.2%) had diabetes mellitus. In 43/115 (37.4%) patients, moderate to severe malnutrition (MIS > 5) was detected. Comparatively, malnourished patients showed a lower log-transformed mean level of anti-S1 IgG compared to those with normal nutrition (2.91 ± 0.83 vs. 3.25 ± 0.72, respectively, p = 0.024). In a multivariable analysis that adjusted for age, sex, and KT/V, the nutritional status assessed by an MIS remained inversely associated with an anti-S1 IgG response [B; −0.066 (−0.117 to −0.015)]. In conclusion, moderate to severe malnutrition in hemodialysis patients is associated with reduced humoral responses to BNT162b2 vaccination.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1141
JournalVaccines
Volume11
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2023

Keywords

  • COVID-19 vaccine
  • MIS
  • antibody response
  • hemodialysis patients
  • malnutrition
  • nutritional status

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