Hereditary inclusion body myopathy (HIBM) is a neuromuscular disorder, caused by mutations in UDP-N-acetylglucosamine 2-epimerase/N-acetylmannosamine kinase, the key enzyme of sialic acid biosynthesis. In Middle Eastern patients a single homozygous mutation occurs, converting methionine-712 to threonine. Recombinant expression of the mutated enzyme revealed slightly reduced N-acetylmannosamine kinase activity, in agreement with the localization of the mutation within the kinase domain. B lymphoblastoid cell lines derived from patients expressing the mutated enzyme also display reduced UDP-N- acetylglucosamine 2-epimerase activity. Nevertheless, no reduced cellular sialylation was found in those cells by colorimetric assays and lectin analysis, indicating that HIBM is not directly caused by an altered overall expression of sialic acids.
- GNE, UDP-N-acetylglucosamine 2-epimerase/N-acetylmannosamine kinase
- HIBM, hereditary inclusion body myopathy
- Hereditary inclusion body myopathy
- ManNAc kinase, N-acetylmannosamine kinase
- UDP-GlcNAc 2-epimerase, UDP-N-acetylglucosamine 2-epimerase