The history of cesarean technique

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Cesarean section has been practiced since ancient times. Unfortunately, no ancient medical documents describing the techniques for cesarean section are extant. In the early medieval period, cesarean section was usually performed by midwifes. One of the first explicit instructions in medical literature on cesarean technique dates from about 1480 CE from southern Germany. We discuss the evolution of cesarean surgical technique and point up the contribution of many giants in the field of obstetrics and gynecology, such as Blundell, Frank, Harris, Joel-Cohen, Kehrer, Kerr, Lebas, Levret, Maylard, Pfannenstiel, Porro, Portes, and Sanger.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1803-1806
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2003


  • Cesarean section
  • History of medicine


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