The hemodynamic consequences of cardiac arrhythmias: Evaluation of the relative roles of abnormal atrioventricular sequencing, irregularity of ventricular rhythm and atrial fibrillation in a canine model

Masahito Naito, Daniel David, Eric L. Michelson, Mark Schaffenburg, Leonard S. Dreifus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

To evaluate the hemodynamic consequences of various cardiac arrhythmias, hemodynamic and angiographic studies were performed on 20 open-chest, atrioventricular (AV) heart-blocked dogs during various programmed pacing protocols. Protocols included AV pacing at intervals of 100 msec and -100 msec, ventricular (V) pacing during AV dissocation, and V pacing during atrial fibrillation (AF). In addition, the effects of regular versus irregular V pacing were also evaluated. During regular V pacing, cardiac output was optimal at an AV interval of 100 msec, but decreased by 25% at AV -100 msec and by 18% during both AV dissociation and AF. During irregular V cycles, cardiac output decreased further (e.g., by an additional 7% during AF). Pulmonary venous regurgitation was observed only during AV dissociation and during regular pacing at AV -100 msec. Notably, mitral valvular regurgitation was observed only during irregular V cycles, but not during regular V pacing, even in the presence of AV dissociation or AF. Using these methods it was possible to resolve some previously reported controversies regarding the relative importance of AV sequencing, atrial systole versus AF, regular versus irregular rhythms, as well as the possible contribution of mitral and/or pulmonary venous regurgitation to the adverse hemodynamics of various cardiac arrhythmias.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)284-291
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Heart Journal
Volume106
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1983
Externally publishedYes

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