The aim of this study was to assess the health-related behaviors, knowledge and attitude towards menopause and hormone replacement therapy (HRT) among women receiving dialysis treatment. The study population consisted of 44 women aged 55-75 years attending the dialysis unit. All women completed a 20-item questionnaire, which covered information on personal health-care habits, life style and attitude regarding menopause and HRT. The majority of participants were of desirable weight (body mass index < 25 kg/m2) and had a positive body image. About 80% had never smoked, and did not engage in regular physical activity. Over half underwent annual Pap smear, mammography, breast examination by a physician, and only a small minority performed breast self-examination. Surprisingly, 45% had used HRT in the past, but only 5% were current users. Although we expected postmenopausal women with a life-threatening disease to be more aware of personal health care than the general population, only a relatively small percentage of the study population safeguarded their health care, and used HRT. Stronger educational efforts may be needed to promote health-related behaviors and a positive attitude to health care, aging and menopause in this subgroup of patients.
- Hormone Replacement Theraphy