The go no-go reviewing paradigm: A reliable method for measuring perceptual object-file updating

Mor Sasi*, Shani Friedman, Dominique Lamy

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The object-file framework explains how object continuity is maintained as objects move: it stipulates that when we focus our attention on an object, we automatically retrieve this object’s recent history. Supporting evidence comes from the object-specific preview benefit (OSPB): participants are faster to name a target letter when the same letter appeared in the same versus a different object in a preceding (preview) display. Although this framework has been very influential, replicating the OSPB has proved difficult, presumably because observers could ignore the preview display. To address this problem, a modified object-reviewing paradigm was suggested, which became the standard paradigm: participants are required to report whether the target letter matches one of the preview display’s letters. However, as this paradigm makes retrieval of the object’s history task-relevant, it is a useful method for studying the structure of object representations for memory but does not capture the automaticity of the object-reviewing process, which is the heart of the object-file account of perception. Here, we suggest an alternative go/no-go object-reviewing paradigm that is specifically tailored to study object-files for perception: it requires participants to attend to the preview display, yet does not require explicit retrieval of the object history. Using our new paradigm, we reliably replicate the OSPB. As a proof of concept, we revisit the persistence of the OSPB, previously investigated with the modified paradigm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)140-151
Number of pages12
JournalAttention, Perception, and Psychophysics
Volume85
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2023

Funding

FundersFunder number
Israel Science Foundation2449/21

    Keywords

    • OSPB
    • Object continuity
    • Object-file
    • Object-specific preview benefit
    • Updating

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