The fickle forerunner: The rise of bylines and authorship in the French press

Zvi Reich, Sandrine Boudana

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Credit attribution for journalists represents a crucial development in journalism, with numerous organizational, legal, political and literary implications. This article explores the rise of bylines and authorship in the French press during the last 250 years, as an alternative to the Anglo-American model, on which studies have focused. Findings show that bylines not only emerged much earlier in France but also represent different driving forces, functions and dynamics. While the Anglo-American rise of bylines reflected an occupational and organizational phenomenon, in which bylines were considered professional rewards, in the French case, the evolution of bylines was dependent on exogenous factors, mostly political forces that tried to discipline adversarial writers. Thus, in contrast with the quasi-linear progress of Anglo-American bylines, the French case is characterized by ebbs and flows, due to the continuous power struggle between the emerging journalistic field and the literary and political fields.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)407-426
Number of pages20
JournalJournalism
Volume15
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2014

Keywords

  • Authorship
  • Bylines
  • Credits
  • Le Figaro
  • Moral rights
  • News reporting
  • The New York Times
  • The Times

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