The fetal cerebellum. Pitfalls in diagnosis and management

Gustavo Malinger*, Dorit Lev, Tally Lerman-Sagie

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Prenatal diagnosis of congenital and acquired cerebellar disorders is possible by the use of ultrasound (US) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Although numerous studies have been conducted in this field, diagnostic uncertainties are still common in daily clinical practice. This review outlines five possible pitfalls in the diagnosis of fetal cerebellar disorders: confusion between different entities describing vermian pathologies (Dandy-Walker variant, vermian hypoplasia and vermian agenesis); premature diagnosis of abnormal vermian formation; difficulties in the ultrasonographic differentiation between the cerebellar hemispheres and the vermis; late development of cerebellar hypoplasia/atrophy and differential diagnosis of unilateral cerebellar findings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)372-380
Number of pages9
JournalPrenatal Diagnosis
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Cerebellar congenital malformations
  • Fetal cerebellum
  • Fetal ultrasound


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