The Evolution of Minimally Invasive Spine Tumor Resection and Stabilization: From K-Wires to Navigated One-Step Screws

Mai Shiber, Gil Kimchi, Nachshon Knoller, Ran Harel*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Minimization of the surgical approaches to spinal extradural metastases resection and stabilization was advocated by the 2012 Oncological Guidelines for Spinal Metastases Management. Minimally invasive approaches to spine oncology surgery (MISS) are continually advancing. This paper will describe the evolution of minimally invasive surgical techniques for the resection of metastatic spinal lesions and stabilization in a single institute. A retrospective analysis of patients who underwent minimally invasive extradural spinal metastases resection during the years 2013–2019 by a single surgeon was performed. Medical records, imaging studies, operative reports, rates of screw misplacement, operative time and estimated blood loss were reviewed. Detailed description of the surgical technique is provided. Of 138 patients operated for extradural spinal tumors during the study years, 19 patients were treated in a minimally invasive approach and met the inclusion criteria for this study. The mortality rate was significantly improved over the years with accordance of improve selection criteria to better prognosis patients. The surgical technique has evolved over the study years from fluoroscopy to intraoperative 3D imaging and navigation guidance and from k-wire screw insertion technique to one-step screws. Minimally invasive spinal tumor surgery is an evolving technique. The adoption of assistive devices such as intraoperative 3D imaging and one-step screw insertion systems was safe and efficient. Oncologic patients may particularly benefit from the minimization of surgical decompression and fusion in light of the frailty of this population and the mitigated postoperative outcomes associated with MIS oncological procedures.

Original languageEnglish
Article number536
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2023

Keywords

  • minimally invasive surgery
  • navigation guidance
  • one-step screws
  • running head
  • spine tumors
  • the evolution of minimally invasive spine tumor resection

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