The Emergence of Animal Management in the Southern Levant

Natalie D. Munro*, Guy Bar-Oz, Jacqueline S. Meier, Lidar Sapir-Hen, Mary C. Stiner, Reuven Yeshurun

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Our compilation of zooarchaeological data from a series of important archaeological sites spanning the Epipaleolithic through Pre-Pottery Neolithic B periods in the Mediterranean Hills of the southern Levant contributes to major debates about the beginnings of ungulate management in Southwest Asia. The data support an onset of ungulate management practices by the Early PPNB (10,500-10,000 cal. BP), more than 500 years earlier than previously thought for this region. There is a clear developmental connection between reduced hunting intensity and the uptake of ungulate management, confirming that this process began in response to local, density-dependent demographic factors. The early process of goat domestication in the southern Levant appears to have been overwhelmingly local. This may have been true for cattle and pigs as well. Nevertheless, the loose synchrony of animal management trends across Southwest Asia was undoubtedly enabled by large-scale social networks that transmitted knowledge. The results add to growing evidence that animal management processes followed multiple regional evolutionary pathways within the Fertile Crescent.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9279
JournalScientific Reports
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2018

Funding

FundersFunder number
Irene Levi-Sala Care Archaeological Foundation
National Science FoundationBCS-0618937, BCS-1355608, SBR-9511894
Directorate for Social, Behavioral and Economic Sciences1355608, 0618937
Israel Science Foundation147/04
Norsk Sykepleierforbund

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