The efficacy of neuroprosthesis in young hemiplegic patients, measured by three different gait indices: Early results

Barry Danino, Sam Khamis, Yoram Hemo, Reuven Batt, Erel Snir, Shlomo Wientroub, Shlomo Hayek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: To evaluate functional electrical stimulation (FES) neuroprothesis as a method to improve gait in hemiplegic patients, using three different gait scoring methods as measures. Methods: Five hemiplegic patients (four with cerebral palsy at GMFCS I, one with diffuse pontine glioma) with a mean age of 16.5 years were given a FES neuroprosthesis (NESS® L300™) that was applied and calibrated individually. After an adaptation period during which the participants increased their daily use of the neuroprosthesis, gait was assessed with the stimulation off and with the FES on. Kinematic, kinetic, and temporal spatial data were determined using motion analysis and summarized by three scoring methods: Gait Profile Score (GPS), Gait Deviation Index (GDI), and Gillette Gait Index (GGI). Indices were calculated using the Gaitabase program available online. Patients were followed for a minimum of 1 year. Results: When comparing gait with and without stimulation, all scoring methods showed improvement. GPS and GDI of the affected leg were significantly improved: 12.23-10.23° (p = 0.017) and 72.36-78.08 (p = 0.002), respectively. By applying the movement analysis profile, the decomposed GPS score, we found that only the ankle dorsiflexion and the foot progression angle were significantly changed. GGI of the affected leg showed improvement, but without statistical significance: 168.88-131.64 (p = 0.221). Total GPS of legs and the GPS, GDI, and GGI of the nonaffected leg showed improvement without statistical significance. At the 1-year follow-up, all patients expressed high satisfaction and continued to use the device. Conclusions: Dorsiflexion functional electrical stimulation improves gait in hemiplegic patients, as reflected by GPS, GDI, and GGI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)537-542
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Children's Orthopaedics
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2013


  • Cerebral palsy
  • Drop foot
  • Functional electrical stimulation
  • Gait analysis
  • Gait indices
  • Neuroprosthesis


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