The effects of Type A behavior and stress on the attribution of causality

Giora Keinan*, Shiri Tal

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In this study, we tested predictions derived from Glass' model (1977) which argued that Type A behavior is a coping response to the threat of control loss. Based on attribution theory (Kelley 1967), which suggests that people engage in attribution processes to obtain or maintain a sense of control, we hypothesized that Type As would form more causal attributions than Type Bs, and that this difference between the two types would be greater under high-stress than under low-stress conditions. Sixty-eight high-tech employees were randomly assigned to a high-stress or low-stress condition, filled out questionnaires that measured Type A behavior and the tendency to explain the environment causally. The results supported the predictions derived from Glass' model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)403-412
Number of pages10
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Volume38
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2005

Keywords

  • Causal attribution
  • Stress
  • Type A behavior

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