The effects of somatostatin and octreotide on experimental and human acute pancreatitis

Ron Greenberg, Riad Haddad, Hanoch Kashtan, Ofer Kaplan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The role of somatostatin and octreotide for AP has been studied for two decades, yet the data still remain inconclusive. The inconsistencies of the results of experimental studies and clinical trials may stem from the fact that the optimal therapeutic modality has not been determined. Furthermore, although they are similar in structure and physiologic activities, the mechanisms of action and effects of somatostatin and octreotide in AP may be different. Because the data are sparse, most reports, primarily those in the English literature, on the efficacy of somatostatin and octreotide in the management of AP were reviewed. Included are both nonrandomized and prospective, double-blind, clinical trials and studies on the effects of these agents on various experimental models of the disease. The results of the studies on somatostatin and octreotide are presented and discussed separately, with specific reference to the experimental and treatment details. The main focus of the review is the effect of subcutaneous and intravenous administration of octreotide. Analysis of the data suggests that somatostatin could not be recommended for AP and that the efficacy of subcutaneous administration of octreotide is also questionable. Theoretically, intravenous octreotide may be more appropriate for this condition, but recent results with this therapeutic method are limited and contradictory. Studies that would delineate the optimal therapeutical modality and the patient population most likely to respond to the treatment are prerequisite for large-scale clinical trials on the effects of octreotide on human pancreatitis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)112-121
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine
Volume135
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes

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