The effects of prolonged cryopreservation on the biomechanical properties of bone allografts: A microbiological, histological and mechanical study

Moshe Salai*, Tamar Brosh, Natan Keller, Marina Perelman, Israel Dudkiewitz

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Bone allografting is the most common form of allotransplantation in modern medicine. Bone banking is usually the major part of most tissue banks throughout the world. Several years ago, many standards of bone banking were set empirically, and have never been evaluated. One particular parameter or standard was outdating graft materials after 5 years of storage. This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of prolonged cryopreservation on the biomechanical properties of bone allografts and establish whether graft materials become contaminated during long-term storage. Proximal humeral bone allografts were obtained from the bone bank after 1, 3 and 5 years of -80°C cryopreservation. Samples of each humeral head, i.e., cartilage, subchondral bone and spongy bone were histologically examined for inter- and intra-cellular changes. A three-point mechanical bending test was used on identical pieces of cortical bone to compare fresh and cryopreserved materials. Fresh-retrieved cortical bone using identically-sized segments, served as a control. Cultures were taken from each respective sample to determine contamination or sterility. Results of both the histological and mechanical testing showed that there were no significant, qualitative histological, or quantitative mechanical differences among the samples. All the cultures were negative. Therefore, based on this study's parameters, bone allografts can safely be used after a cryopreservation period of over 5 years and should not be discarded.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-73
Number of pages5
JournalCell and Tissue Banking
Volume1
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2000

Keywords

  • Allografts
  • Prolonged cryopreservation
  • Standards

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