The effects of passive anti-viral immunotherapy in AKR mice: II susceptibility to B cell lymphomagenesis

N. Haran-Ghera, A. Peled, E. Canaani, Y. Caspi, J. Haimovich, D. Shaft, P. Resnitzky, B. K. Brightman, H. Fan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Prevention of high frequency spontaneous T cell lymphoma development in AKR mice by mAb 18-5 treatment was shown to involve inhibition of the recombinant Class I MCF virus formation and elimination of the early occurring potential lymphoma cells (PLCs). A low B cell lymphoma incidence (16% at a mean latency of 540 days) and a low level of PLCs (yielding 12% B cell lymphoma development following lymphoid cell transfer) was observed in mAb 18-5 treated mice (in contrast to a high PLC level in thymectomized AKR mice that could be experimentally triggered to progress to overt CD5+ B cell lymphomas). Administration of anti CD8 mAb or IL-4 to 12-month-old mAb 18-5 pre-treated mice only slightly increased B cell lymphoma incidence (up to 30-40%). Exposure to split-dose irradiation resulted in 26% B cell lymphomas at a 250 day mean latency. The phenotypes of the B lymphomas developing in mAb 18-5 treated mice were: B220+ (14.8+, 6B2+), 6C3+, Mac-2+, CD5-. Most lymphomas expressed I-a and surface IgM, pointing to their mature B cell characteristics. Moreover, in some of the lymphomas, high levels of IgM production and secretion were determined. A comparison of the morphological characteristics (based on light and ultrastructure microscopy) of CD5+ and CD5- B cell lymphomas developing in AKR mice indicated marked differences. Analysis of the IgH locus of representative CD5- B lymphomas showed an identical pattern of IgH rearrangement in some tumors (similar to previous findings among CD5+ lymphomas). The virological analysis of the CD5- B cell lymphomas (similar to those observed in the CD5+ B cell lymphomas of AKR origin) showed that their development did not require formation of the pathogenic MCF recombinant viruses. The differences observed between the CD5+ and CD5- cell lymphomas developing in AKR mice (following prevention of spontaneous T cell lymphomagenesis) may be due to their origin of different B cell precursors or from B cells at different levels of differentiation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1940-1947
Number of pages8
JournalLeukemia
Volume9
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1995

Keywords

  • B lymphomas
  • CD5
  • Potential lymphoma cells
  • Production and secretion of IgM

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